Object A has a molar heat of 31.2 J/mole∙°C and object B molar heat is 11.2 J/mole∙°C. Which object will heat up faster if they have the same mass and equal amount of heat is applied? Explain why.

Answers

Answer 1
Answer:

Answer:

Substance B

Explanation:

Molar heat of A = 31.2J/mole.°C

Molar heat of B =  11.2 J/mole∙°C.

The molar heat of a substance is the amount of heat that must be added to a mole of a substance to raise the temperature by 1°C.

  • Substance B will heat up faster compared to A.
  • It has a smaller molar heat compared to A.
  • This suggests that it will require lesser heat to raise its temperature by  1°C.

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Complete combustion of 7.80 g of a hydrocarbon produced 25.1 g of CO2 and 8.55 g of H2O. What is the empirical formula for the hydrocarbon? Insert subscripts as necessary

Answers

Answer:

The empirical formula is C3H5

Explanation:

Step 1: Data given

Mass of the compound = 7.80 grams

Mass of CO2 = 25.1 grams

Molar mass of CO2 = 44.01 g/mol

Mass of H2O = 8.55 grams

Molar mass of H2O = 18.02 g/mol

Molar mass C = 12.01 g/mol

Molar mass H = 1.01 g/mol

Molar mass O = 16.0 g/mol

Step 2: Calculate moles CO2

Moles CO2 = mass CO2 / molar mass CO2

Moles CO2 = 25.1 grams / 44.01 g/mol

Moles CO2 = 0.570 moles

Step 3: Calculate moles C

For 1 mol CO2 we have 1 mol C

For 0.570 moles CO2 we have 0.570 moles C

Step 4: Calculate mass C

Mass C = 0.570 moles * 12.01 g/mol

Mass C = 6.846 grams

Step 5: Calculate moles H2O

Moles H2O = 8.55 grams / 18.02 g/mol

Moles H2O = 0.474 moles

Step 6: Calculate moles H

For 1 mol H2O we have 2 moles H

For 0.474 moles H2O we have 2*0.474 = 0.948 moles H

Step 7: Calculate mass H

Mass H = 0.948 moles * 1.01 g/mol

Mass H = 0.957 grams

Step 8: Calculate mol ratio

We divide by the smallest amount of moles

C: 0.570 moles / 0.570 = 1

H: 0.948 moles / 0.570 = 1.66

This means for 1 mol C we have 1.66 moles H   OR for 3 moles C we have 5 moles H

The empirical formula is C3H5

Final answer:

To find the empirical formula of the hydrocarbon, divide the moles of CO2 and H2O by their molar masses. Use the smallest mole ratio to determine the empirical formula.

Explanation:

To find the empirical formula of the hydrocarbon, we need to determine the mole ratios between carbon and hydrogen in the compound. First, calculate the moles of CO2 produced by dividing the mass of CO2 by its molar mass. Next, calculate the moles of H2O produced by dividing the mass of H2O by its molar mass. Finally, divide the moles of each element by the smallest number of moles to obtain the mole ratio between carbon and hydrogen. The empirical formula is CnHm, where n and m represent the mole ratios of carbon and hydrogen, respectively.

Learn more about Empirical formula here:

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If you keep adding sugar to water and there comes a point that you cannot dissolve any more sugar to it then this is called

Answers

Answer:

.

Explanation:

Some people argue that a policy of putting out wildfires is having a negative long-term effect on the number and strength of wildfires. Suggest why this could be the case.

Answers

Answer:

The reason for this is that putting out the fires only postpones the fire outbreak to a later date, and there is the fear of the fire outbreak being more sever when it actually comes.

When wildfires burn, they clean up the forest off dead trees and falling logs. Also dried leaves and twigs and unnecessarily dense vegetation is cleared up by the fire. These materials are the main fuel of these wildfires. Putting out these fires, especially those that start naturally means that these fuel that should be cleaned up are allowed to accumulate so that when the fire actually happens, it does so with an unnatural intensity. Also, when fire burns, the ashes that are left act as nutrition for the forest, and the forest is allowed to regrow; reborn from the ashes. The only cases that might need human intervention is when the fire is human caused or due to human activities. Natural causes of fire can be due to a very high temperature, lightning striking a tree, etc.

What is the correct formula for phosphorus pentachloride? (a) PCl5 (b) P5Cl (c) P(ClO)5 (d) PO4Cl (e) PCIO

Answers

Answer:

(a) PCl_5

Explanation:

Hello,

In this case, such nomenclature expresses the amount of both phosphorous and chlorine atoms via prefixes for the sub indexes of each atom into the molecule, thus, as phosphorous is prefixless one infers that there is just one phosphorous and five chlorides since the prefix for such atom is penta. Therefore, the correct formula is:

PCl_5

Hence, the answer is (a)

Best regards.

Answer:

The correct formula for phosphorus pentachloride is a) PCl5

What is the covalent bond for CO?​

Answers

Answer:

Covalent bond or common bond is one of the types of chemical bonds. This connection arises from electronic participation. In fact, atoms that need to receive electrons to achieve stable electron arrangement (noble gas electron arrangement or octagonal arrangement) share electrons in their valence layer with other atoms. In this case, the transfer of electrons from one atom to another does not take place, but only a pair of electrons, called a bonded or shared electron pair, belongs to the nucleus of two atoms.

Assuming 100% dissociation, which of the following compounds is listed incorrectly with its van't Hoff factor i? Al2(SO4)3, i = 4 NH4NO3, i = 2 Mg(NO3)2, i = 3 Na2SO4, i = 3 Sucrose, i = 1

Answers

Answer:

- Aluminium sulfate Al2(SO4)3 dissociates in two aluminium ions and three sulfate ions, therefore, van't Hoff factor is 5 (incorrect).

Explanation:

Hello,

In this case, since the van't Hoff factor is related with the species that result from the ionization of a chemical compound, we can see that that

- Aluminium sulfate Al2(SO4)3 dissociates in two aluminium ions and three sulfate ions, therefore, van't Hoff factor is 5 (incorrect).

- Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 dissociates in one ammonium ions and one nitrate ion, therefore, van't Hoff factor is 2 (correct).

- Sodium sulfate Na2SO4 dissociates in two sodium ions and one sulfate, therefore, van't Hoff factor is 3 (correct).

- Sucrose is not ionized, therefore, van't Hoff factor is 1 (correct).

Best regards.