You are the payables accountant for a medium sized electrical contracting company. You are paying bills with purchase discounts but can't take advantage of them because the cash balance in the checking account is low. You approached your boss with a suggestion that the company borrow money at the bank so you can pay the bills in time to take the discounts. Your boss thinks you are a little crazy to recommend borrowing from the bank (currently charging 6% interest) to take advantage of 1-2% discounts. Write him a memorandum laying out your suggestion and justifying your suggested course of action.
Respond to two other student's posts.
Use actual numbers in your memo. For example, if you need to borrow money to pay a $10,000 bill that offers terms of 2/10, n/30 and the loan's interest rate is 6%.


Answer 1



To: The Finance Manager

From: The Payables Accountant

Subject: Bank Loan to Pay Suppliers

Date: October 5, 2020

The above subject on our previous discussion refers.

This memo clarifies the advantage of borrowing from our bank the sum of $100,000 in order to offset the account of our supplier who has offered us the trade terms of 2/10, n/30.

Recall that the bank loan's interest rate is 6% per annum.  If we borrow within the month and repay 30 days after, the interest cost will be $500 ($100,000 * 6%/12).

You can compare this to the discount we shall receive from the supplier totaling $2,000 ($100,000 * 2%).  We can even extend the bank loan to 2 months, thereby paying a total interest cost of $1,000 ($500 * 2).

The implication is that we shall be making some gains by taking advantage of the cash discount.  May you approve the loan based on this clarifications.


Tony Ohagwam


This memorandum attempts to justify the request for a bank loan in order to settle the bill of one of our company's suppliers.  It demonstrates the huge financial benefits that are implicit in accepting cash discounts from suppliers.

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Gibson Company paid $12,000 on June 1, 2014 for a two-year insurance policy and recorded the entire amount as Insurance Expense. The December 31, 2014 adjusting entry is A. Debit Prepaid Insurance and credit Insurance Expense, $3,500 B. Debit Prepaid Insurance and credit Insurance Expense, $8,500 C. Debit Insurance Expense and credit Prepaid Insurance, $3,500 D. Debit Insurance Expense and credit Prepaid Insurance, $8,500
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The government has the ability to influence the level of output in the short run using monetary and fiscal policy. There is some disagreement as to whether the government should attempt to stabilize the economy. Which of the following are arguments in favor of active stabilization policy by the government?a. Shifts in aggregate demand are often the result of waves of pessimism or optimism among consumers and businesses.b. The current tax system acts as an automatic stabilizer.c. Businesses make investment plans many month in advance.d. The Fed can effectively respond to excessive pessimism by expanding the money supply and lowering interest rates.

Katie Homes and Garden Co. has 14,000,000 shares outstanding. The stock is currently selling at $66 per share. If an unfriendly outside group acquired 20 percent of the shares, existing stockholders will be able to buy new shares at 25 percent below the currently existing stock price.A. How many shares must the unfriendly outside group acquire for the poison pill to go into effect?B. What will be the new purchase price for the existing stockholders?



a. 2,800,000 shares

b. $49.50


a. Poison is a tactic used by a company threatened with an unwelcome takeover bid to make itself unattractive to the bidder

Shares that the unfriendly outside group must acquire for the poison pill to go into effect is

= 20% of 14,000,000 shares.

= 14,000,000 × 20%


b. The new purchase price for the existing stockholders will be

=$66 × (1 - 0.25)

= $49.50

The theory of _____, developed by Michael Porter, focuses on the importance of country factors, in addition to factor endowments, such as domestic demand and domestic rivalry in explaining a nation's dominance in the production and export of particular products.



The correct answer is letter "D": national competitive advantage.


American Professor Michael Porter (born in 1947) proposed the National Competitive Advantage Theory to give an idea of why some countries achieve success in determined industries compared to others. The theory, in other words, aims to explain nations' competitive advantage and the path to reach it.

Also known as Porter's Diamond Model, the factors Porter based his concept on are firm strategies, structure and rivalry; related industries; demand conditions; and, factor conditions.

A government collects $600 billion annually in tax revenue. Each year it allocates $35 billion to healthcare and $50 billion for education. What percentage of annual tax revenue is allocated to these two categories of government spending?





Annual tax revenue = $600 billion

Allocation for healthcare = $35 billion

Allocation for education = $50 billion

total allocation for healthcare and education = ($35 + $50) billion = $85 billion

percentage of these two categories of government spending to the total revenue generated is,

85/600 x 100% = 14.17%

The government allocates approximately 14.17% of its annual tax revenue to healthcare and education. This is calculated by dividing the sum of allocations to healthcare and education by the total tax revenue and then multiplying by 100 to convert that to a percentage.

To calculate the percentage of tax revenue allocated to healthcare and education by the government, we first need to add the amounts allocated to each of these sectors. In this case, $35 billion for healthcare plus $50 billion for education makes a total of $85 billion. Then, we divide this sum by the total revenue, which is $600 billion, and multiply the result by 100 to get the percentage.

So, the calculation will look like this:

(($85 billion / $600 billion) * 100) = 14.167%.

Therefore, the government allocates approximately 14.17% of its annual tax revenue to healthcare and education.

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Gibson Valves produces cast bronze valves on an assembly line, currently producing 1600 valves each 8-hour shift. If the productivity is increased by 10%, it would then be A) 180 valves/hr

B) 200 valves/hr

C) 220 valves/hr

D) 880 valves/hr

E) 1760 valves/hr



C) 220 valves/hr


Gibson Valves currently producing 1600 valves each 8-hour shift, then its current productivity is 200 valves per hour.

If the productivity is increased by 10%, it would then be 220 valves per hour =

200 *(1+10%)

Final answer:

The productivity after a 10% increase would be 1760 valves/hr.


To calculate the productivity after a 10% increase, we need to find 10% of the current productivity and add it to the current productivity. First, we need to calculate 10% of 1600 valves, which is 160 valves. Then we add this to the current productivity of 1600 valves to get the new productivity, which is 1760 valves.

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Canliss Mining Company borrowed money from a local bank. The note the company signed requires five annual installment payments of $10,000 not due for three years. The interest rate on the note is 7%. (FV of $1, PV of $1, FVA of $1, PVA of $1, FVAD of $1 and PVAD of $1) (Use appropriate factor(s) from the tables provided.) What amount did Canliss borrow? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your final answers to nearest whole dollar amount.)


Canliss Mining Company borrowed $41,006.

To find out how much Canliss Mining Company borrowed, we'll work step by step.

Future Value of $1 (FV): This factor calculates the future value of a present sum after a certain number of periods.

Given that the annual installment payments of $10,000 are not due for three years, we'll find the future value of this annuity.

The FV factor for 7% over three years is approximately 1.225.

So, the future value of the annuity is

10,000 * 1.225 = $12,250

Present Value of $1 (PV): This factor calculates the present value of a future sum. In this case, we want to find out how much the $12,250 due in three years is worth in present terms.

Using the PV factor for 7% over three years, we find it's approximately 0.816.

So, the present value is

12,250 * 0.816 \approx $10,002

This means that Canliss Mining Company borrowed approximately $10,002 from the local bank.

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Assume that your credit sales for March was $12,764,for April was $27,406 and May was $28,706. If credit sales are collected 55% during the month of sale, 25% the month following the sale, and 15% in the second month following the sale, what is the total expected cash collections to be received in May? Round your answer to one dollar.



Total expected cash collections for May are $24554


The May's cash collections will include collections from March's credit sales worth 15% of March's sales, collections for April's credit sales worth 25% of April's credit sales and collections worth 55% of t=May's credit sales. Thus the collections are,

Collection for March's sales = 12764 * 0.15  =  $1914.6

Collection for April's sales = 27406 * 0.25 = $6851.5

Collection for May's sales = 28706 * 0.55 = $15788.3

Total expected cash collections for May = 1914.6  +  6851.5  +  15788.3

Total expected cash collections for May = $24554.4 rounded off to $24554

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