Various members of a class of compounds, alkenes, react with hydrogen to produce a corresponding alkane. Termed hydrogenation, this type of reaction is used to produce products such as margarine. A typical hydrogenation reaction is C10H20() + H2(g) → C10H22(5) Decene Decane How much decane can be produced in a reaction of excess decene with 2.45 g hydrogen? Give your answer in scientific notation. O *10 g decane

Answers

Answer 1
Answer:

Answer: The mass of decane produced is 1.743* 10^2g

Explanation:

To calculate the number of moles, we use the equation:  

\text{Number of moles}=\frac{\text{Given mass}}{\text{Molar mass}}       ......(1)

Mass of hydrogen gas = 2.45 g

Molar mass of hydrogen gas = 2 g/mol

Putting values in equation 1:, we get:

\text{Moles of }H_2=(2.45g)/(2g/mol)=1.225mol

The chemical equation for the hydrogenation of decene follows:

C_(10)H_(20)(l)+H_2(g)\rightarrow C_(10)H_(22)(s)

As, decene is present in excess. So, it is considered as an excess reagent.

Thus, hydrogen gas is a limiting reagent because it limits the formation of products.

By Stoichiometry of the reaction:

1 mole of hydrogen gas produces 1 mole of decane.

So, 1.225 moles of hydrogen gas will produce = (1)/(1)* 1.225=1.225mol of decane

Now, calculating the mass of decane by using equation 1, we get:

Moles of decane = 1.225 mol

Molar mass of decane = 142.30 g/mol

Putting values in equation 1, we get:

1.225mol=\frac{\text{Mass of decane}}{142.30g/mol}\n\n\text{Mass of carbon dioxide}=(1.225mol* 142.30g/mol)=174.3g=1.743* 10^2g

Hence, the mass of decane produced is 1.743* 10^2g


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Answers

Answer:

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Explanation:

Step 1: Given and required data

Mass of acetic acid (m): 16.7 g

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We will use the following expression.

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Answers

We calculate first the number of moles of CO2 and H2O produced by dividing the given masses by the molar masses of CO2 and H2O.
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